The Young Il Duce
In 1912 he became editor of Avanti! (Forward!), the official daily newspaper of Italy’s Socialist Party. But he was expelled from the party two years later over his support for World War I. By 1919 a radically changed Mussolini had founded the fascist movement, which would later become the Fascist Party.
IL DUCE PART II
From 1920 to 1922, armed fascist squads faced minimal interference from the police or army as they roamed the country causing property damage and killing an estimated 2,000 political opponents. Many other citizens were beaten up or forced to drink castor oil.
Mussolini did not take power in a coup.
With Italy’s leading non-fascist politicians hopelessly divided and with the threat of violence in the air, on October 29 the king offered Mussolini the chance to form a coalition government. But although the premiership was now his, Il Duce—a master of propaganda who claimed the backing of 300,000 fascist militiamen when the real number was probably far lower—wanted to make a show of force. As a result, he joined armed supporters who flooded the streets of Rome the following day. Mussolini would later mythologize the March on Rome’s importance.
THE NEW PRIME MINISTER
After becoming prime minister, Mussolini reduced the influence of the judiciary, muzzled a free press, arrested political opponents, continued condoning fascist squad violence and otherwise consolidated his hold on power.
- House prices see largest monthly fall for 11 years, says Nationwide June 2, 2020The Nationwide says house prices fell 1.7% in May as the coronavirus crisis hit market activity.
- Coronavirus: Ministers 'looking at ways to relax travel quarantine rule' June 2, 2020It comes after some MPs criticised the government's plan to quarantine people coming to the UK for 14 days.
- Skateboarder Brown, 11, 'lucky to be alive' after horrific training fall June 2, 2020British skateboarder Sky Brown is "lucky to be alive" after a horrific fall from a ramp during training last week.
- George Floyd death: Trump threatens to send in army to end unrest June 2, 2020Protests and violence continue for a seventh night amid fury over a black man's killing by police.
- Zoom parties, warm pints and a garden pub - how you plan to recreate matchday experience June 2, 2020From Zoom parties to building a pub in your own garden, the inventive ways you'll be recreating the matchday experience when the Premier League resumes.
- Coronavirus: Oxfam says call ahead before donating June 2, 2020The charity says it will begin reopening its network of charity shops in England from 15 June.
- Coronavirus: Quarantine plan, NI hotels and Commons 'deadlock' June 2, 2020Five things you need to know about the coronavirus outbreak this morning.
- The Papers: 'Revolt' over plan to quarantine arrivals to UK June 2, 2020The government's plan to make travellers quarantine for 14 days features on several front pages.
- I have missed football so much it's unbelievable - Klopp June 2, 2020Liverpool boss Jurgen Klopp tells BBC Radio 5 Live he is "really happy to be back" to watch his "wonderful football team again".
- Hussain Manawer's poem in tribute to coronavirus victims June 2, 2020BBC Breakfast commissioned poet Hussain Manawer to mark three months since the first UK coronavirus death.
- Austin police critically injured a black man during protests against police violence June 2, 2020Austin police shot an unidentified 20-year-old black man with a "less lethal" weapon Sunday, and he is in critical condition in an Austin hospital, Police Chief Brian Manley said.Jolie McCullough
- As Donald Trump threatens to deploy the military, Texas officials urge calm after a weekend of protests June 2, 2020Curfews remain in place in Dallas and Fort Worth. Gov. Greg Abbott will travel to Dallas on Tuesday.Texas Tribune Staff
- U.S. Sens. John Cornyn and Ted Cruz speak out against George Floyd's death, condemn protest violence June 1, 2020Both senators from Texas have commented in recent days.Abby Livingston
- Did you protest in Texas over George Floyd's death? We want to talk to you. June 1, 2020Thousands of Texans took to the streets in Houston, Dallas, Austin and throughout the state this weekend to protest the death of yet another black man at the hands of police. We want to hear more about what you saw.Bobby Blanchard
- Texas sales tax revenue dips 13.2% in May, the largest year-over-year decline in a decade June 1, 2020"Significant declines in sales tax receipts were evident in all major economic sectors, with the exception of telecommunications services," Comptroller Glenn Hegar said in a statement.Cassandra Pollock